String Theory and Theory of Entanglement
- Category: Quantum Physics
How can an electron jump from one spot to another without going through the space between the two points, and without taking any time to complete the process? Even Albert Einstein was baffled by the phenomenon.
String theory solves the problem by postulating an eleven-dimensional multiverse. Electrons may jump out of existence in our universe, into another, and then reappear in our universe. The tunnel through which the electrons pass exist in another universe within the multiverse, and is not subject to the rules of space and time that govern the limited number of dimensions of which we are aware.
String theory also explains how subatomic particles can demonstrate both the properties of the particle and of a wave. We are accustomed to thinking of things as either a particle (a solid object), or a wave (a vibration). Yet light, and many subatomic particles, can effortlessly manifest as either a wave or a particle.
According to string theory, everything in the universe is made up of tiny vibrating strings. These strings are identical. The reason that one manifests as a heavy particle, like a proton, and another as a particle without mass, like light, is that they vibrate at different frequencies. According to Einstein’s famous equation E=mc2, the more energy something has, the more mass it has. So a heavy particle is a string vibrating at a high frequency, whereas a light particle (“light” in both senses of the word) is a string vibrating at a lower frequency. Strings are also very small; if the image of an atom was magnified to the size of our solar system, a string would be the size of a tree.
The eleventh dimension is the dimension that may contain within it any number of parallel universes. Physicists say that this dimension may be only a millimeter away from us yet we have no awareness of its existence. This is because the other universes are vibrating out of phase with ours, at a frequency that we cannot perceive.
There is vastly more mass in our universe than we can perceive. This “missing mass” – some 96% of the total – is thought to consist of “dark energy” and “dark matter,” terms which serve mainly as expression of our ignorance. This dark matter and dark energy may be manifestation of the parallel universes.
The alternate universes postulated by string theory are like pieces of paper stacked one on top of the other. Each vibrates as a slightly different rate, so we cannon perceive them. As the vibrational rate of a string changes, it may jump out of phase in our universe, into phase on another, and then back into phase in ours. As the string resonates at a particular frequency, it produces subatomic particles. Each resonance as associated with a particular particle. As the vibrational frequency of the string changes, it expresses as different subatomic particles. Like the tunneling electron, these particles can flash into existence in our universe, then flash into another universe, and then flash back into ours. In this way, signals can pass between dimensions.
Theory of Entanglement
Another characteristic of quantum theory is entanglement – the idea that relationship is the defining of everything in space and time. The concept of entanglement arose from the observation by physicists that certain particles still appear to move in a connected fashion, without any time lag, even after they are separated by large amounts of space. Erwin Schrodinger, one of the early proponents of quantum theory, and the originator of the name “entanglement” says: “I would not call entanglement one but rather the characteristic trait of quantum mechanics.” Not only does atomic matter become entangled; whole systems may become entangled, too. “Physicists now believe that entanglement between particles exists everywhere, all the time, and have recently found shocking evidence that it affects the wider, ‘macroscopic’ world that we inhabit.”
Given the pervasive nature of the entanglement of atomic particles, it is unlikely that evolution has ignored the basic characteristic of matter in setting up human systems. Having realized that some form of epigenetic control is required to produce the complex orchestration of living systems, entanglement is a good place to look for the mechanisms of cybernetic control. According to researcher as the Vienna University of Technology, “Entanglement could coordinate biochemical reactions in different parts of a cell, or in different parts of an organ. It could allow correlated firings of distant neurons. And…it could coordinate the behavior of members of a species, because it is independent of distance and requires no physical link.”
Entanglement applies even more to consciousness, with its constant flow of evanescent thoughts, feelings, urges, desires, and impulses. All of these flow into and out of each other.
The first experimental evidence of “telepathy” between one strand of DNA and another comes from a 2008 article in the Journal of Physical Chemistry. In it, researchers report that DNA strands that had no contact with each other, or with proteins that could facilitate their communication, were able to recognize similarities with other DNA strands from a distance, and then congregate together. Identical strands were twice as likely to associate with each other as with strands with different molecular sequences. The researchers had no explanation for the mechanism by which such a phenomenon might occur, even though they were able to observe its existence.